HDB flat buyers in Singapore have two choices in how they intend to finance their flat purchase. The first option is to take up a bank loan and the second option is to take up the HDB housing loan. Both options have their own distinctions in terms of the amount of the loan-to-value limit, interest rate, loan tenure, downpayment required, and usage of CPF funds.
Since the introduction of the Public Housing Scheme in 1968, Singaporeans have been allowed to use their CPF Ordinary Account (OA) savings to finance their mortgages for HDB flats. However, the amount of CPF funds that must be used differs depending on whether you intend to take a private bank loan or an HDB housing loan.
For a bank loan, you would need to pay a downpayment of 25% of the property’s valuation. Of which, 5% needs to be in cash and the remaining 20% can be either in CPF OA and/or cash. However, if you were to take a HDB housing loan before August 2018, regardless of whether you are able to pay the downpayment in cash, you will have to use all your OA savings. This meant that flat buyers on HDB loan, particularly young buyers, were not able to earn the extra 1% interest on their combined CPF savings for the first $60,000 (capped at $20,000 in OA).
To allow more CPF members to earn this higher interest on their CPF savings, flat buyers who took HDB housing loan since August 2018 have been allowed the option to retain up to $20,000 in their OA.
This leads us to question the options that flat buyers could consider when deciding whether to retain or not to retain that $20,000 in their OA when taking up a HDB housing loan.
Read Also: Step-By-Step Guide On How To Apply For The CPF Housing Scheme To Use CPF To Pay For Our Housing Loan
What Are Your Options If You Were To Take A HDB Housing Loan?
Should you decide to take up the HDB loan at the concessionary rate, you can take a maximum loan-to-value (LTV) limit of 85% for the purchase of either a new or resale HDB flat for a maximum loan tenure of 25 years.
You can use a combination of cash and CPF savings to pay for your 15% downpayment. However, you can retain up to $20,000 in your CPF OA and have to use your remaining OA savings for the purchase of the flat before you are granted a housing loan from HDB.
In consideration of the first $20,000, you have the following three options.
Option 1: Wipe Out Entire CPF Savings
The first option involves using your entire CPF Ordinary Account (OA) savings towards the financing of your HDB home loan, which includes the downpayment, stamp fee, registration fees, and legal fees.
First of all, this may not even be an option if you are unable to finance the initial 15% downpayment without using your entire CPF OA funds.
Second, you could decide to use the extra $20,000 downpayment in CPF savings if you want a bigger loan size than what you can afford without utilising your entire CPF savings.
Third, you could also use your entire CPF OA savings if you wish to reduce the loan amount that you take from HDB. For example, on a $250,000 loan at 2.6% interest for a 25-year period, you would have to pay a total of $340,500 over the 25 years, of which $90,500 would be for interest payments. But if you took a smaller loan size of $200,000 on the same loan conditions (ie. loan tenure and interest rate), you would only need to pay a total of $272,400 over 25 years, of which $72,400 would be for interest payments. This results in an interest savings of $18,100 as shown in the graphics below. Hence, this could be another reason why you may choose to use your entire CPF savings when taking up your HDB loan.
Lastly, if you were to have a combined CPF balance of at least $60,000 in your Special Account (SA) and Medisave Account (MA), then you would be able to receive the extra 1% interest that the Government pays to boost your retirement savings. Therefore, you would not lose out on the extra 1% interest, which was the intent of allowing you to keep your first $20,000 in your OA.
This option of using your entire OA savings might be viable if you wish to clear your loan quickly and believe that your earnings would outpace the monthly payment to grow your OA savings over time.
Read Also: 4 Reasons To Make Voluntary Housing Refund For CPF Monies Used For Your Home Downpayment And Monthly Mortgage
Option 2: Keep Up To The Allowed $20,000
The second option, especially if you do not have at least $60,000 in combined savings is to consider keeping up to $20,000 in your OA savings.
The flexibility of allowing flat buyers to retain up to $20,000 each in their OA, was first announced in August 2018. Prior to that, flat buyers taking up the HDB housing loan had to use their entire OA savings before HDB determines the loan amount. This was done to allow CPF members to gain the extra 1% interest on their first $60,000 combined savings (capped at $20,000 for OA). The additional interest goes towards your Special Account (SA) or Retirement Account (RA) to enhance your retirement savings. This is especially beneficial for young home buyers who may not have sufficient CPF savings in their SA and MA to benefit from the higher interest.
Hence, by choosing to keep up to the allowed limit in your OA, you can maximise the interest earned on your CPF savings. You would be able to earn up to 3.5% on your OA savings, which is higher than the 2.6% concessionary housing loan rate. You can also choose to keep any amount (up to $20,000) so that you are able to meet the combined savings of $60,000 to earn the higher interest.
The second benefit is that the retained amount, which could be seen as an emergency savings to pay for your housing instalments, would earn a high interest. Instead of parking your emergency savings in a bank cash savings or fixed deposit account you could keep your funds in your OA and get the prevailing OA interest rate of at least 2.5%. The interest earned is much higher compared to the current bank rates. There are also no charges for using your OA savings whenever you need to, unlike banks, which may charge an early redemption penalty fee when you redeem your monies during the lock-in period.
Additionally, being able to retain up to $20,000 each or $40,000 as a combined couple would give flat buyers a buffer period during times of difficulty in making the monthly instalments. For example, assuming a couple kept the maximum $40,000 in their OA savings and were to take a HDB loan of $450,000 for a 25-year period. Their $40,000 of OA savings would allow them to pay the $2,041.51 monthly instalments for 19 months. Hence, the larger the amount of OA savings that you retain, the bigger the buffer that you will have in the future.
Read Also: Why You Should Not Be Rushing To Pay Back Your Housing Loan Using Your CPF Savings
Option 3: Keep More Than $20,000 In OA
The third option, if you are keen on growing your CPF savings even faster, is to consider keeping more than $20,000 in your OA.
This option may be more suitable for flat buyers who have enough cash for the downpayment and who have either accumulated a sizable CPF savings or see their CPF savings as a critical component of their retirement planning.
By keeping more than $20,000 in your OA savings, you will first be able to create a bigger buffer than just keeping the allowed limit of $20,000. Depending on your loan terms, more OA savings creates a bigger buffer, allowing you to use your savings for a longer period to finance your monthly mortgage payments in times of difficulty.
Second, you can maximise the returns on a bigger portion of your savings as your monies in CPF compounds up to 5% per annum compared to the returns from cash savings account offered by banks.
You can choose to retain more of your OA savings by transferring them to your SA. This will allow you to earn 4% interest compared to the 2.5% on OA savings. However, do note that the transfer is irreversible. It could be an option if you wish to follow the 1M65Movement in maximising your retirement savings, by topping up your Full Retirement Sum (FRS) limit in your SA.
Alternatively, you could also take advantage of the CPF Investment Scheme (CPFIS) to invest any amount beyond the first $20,000 in your OA and $40,000 in your SA. Additionally, through your CPFIS-OA, you can invest up to 35% and 10% of your investible savings in stocks and gold, respectively. You can also invest your OA savings in CPFIS-approved funds that are available from Endowus and MoneyOwl to achieve a higher rate of return in the long run.
Read Also: Here’s How CPF Accrued Interest On Your Home Affects Your Retirement Planning
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