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What Happens To Your Money After You Sell Your Flat In Singapore

Know exactly where your money will be going.

Everyone should fully understand what happens to your money once you sell your HDB flat, private condominium or landed property in Singapore. With this knowledge, you can prudently plan for how you can use the proceeds – whether it’s for buying another property, investing in the stock markets, starting a business or setting funds aside to pay for your children’s education.

For various reasons, people tend to receive less in cash than they had expected after selling their properties. If you have committed to using the bulk of that money for other purposes, such as opening a business, paying off a debt or for investments, you may be surprised after seeing how much cash in hand you end up with.

What You Should Consider Before Selling Your Home

We will not delve too deep into what goes on from a transaction standpoint. Rather our focus will be on the money side of things. First of all, you should have fulfilled your 5-year MOP (Minimum Occupation Period) if you are selling an HDB flat. While you can engage a property agent slightly earlier, the transaction can only be completed after the MOP. If you’re selling a private property, you have to consider the Seller’s Stamp Duty (SSD), which applies to sellers who are offloading their property within three years of purchasing it.

Before agreeing to sell your home, you should have already considered your housing options going forward. You should also note that it may take a while, approximately two to three months or even longer, for your money from the sale of your property to come in.

In the case of selling an HDB and buying another, you can use the HDB’s Enhanced Contra Facility to reduce your cash outlay or loan requirements. If you’re purchasing a private property, you have to ensure there’s a plan in place for you to receive your sales proceeds (and have a place to stay) before paying down on your new purchase.

What Happens After You Have Sold You Home?

Once you have agreed to sell your home, you have to consider how much you will actually receive in cash before taking on any other financial commitments. Let’s use a simple example to go through this process.


Home type: 4-room

Purchase price: $375,000

Housing Grant: Approximately $40,000

Payment: 10% from CPF Ordinary Account

Loan: 25-year HDB loan

Remaining Home Loan (After 5 Years): $270,000

Sale Price: $500,000

#1 Pay Down Outstanding Home Loan

Your mortgage will be the first thing that gets paid down. This sum is deducted from your sales proceeds. Your sales proceeds of $500,000 will be used to repay your remaining $270,000 HDB loan, leaving you with $230,000 in remaining proceeds.

Read Also: HDB Or Bank Loan: Pros & Cons To Consider Before Deciding On Which Housing Loan To Take

#2 Refund Your CPF Ordinary Account

Downpayment: Next, you must refund the money you “borrowed” from your CPF account. This can be up to the $37,500 downpayment you made when you purchased the property, as you can fully fund your downpayment with Ordinary Account funds if you take an HDB loan.

Accrued Interest on Downpayment: Apart from the principal sum used, you also need to refund accrued interest “owed” to your CPF account. This is the 2.5% interest that you would have earned in your CPF Ordinary Account if you hadn’t used the funds for your home. This amounts to about $5,100.

Stamp Duty and other charges paid for with your CPF: You can pay for your Stamp Duty, and other charges such as lawyer’s fees with your Ordinary Account (OA) balances when you purchase a BTO flat too. This should add up to about $9,000.

Accrued Interest on Stamp Duty and other charges: The accrued interest on this upfront payment will amount to $1,200.

Monthly Loan Repayment: During the five-year period you were living in your home, you were also paying down your mortgage using your CPF contributions. You need to refund this amount as well. In this scenario, you would be paying close to $1,700 on your mortgage every month. This would amount to $102,000 in five years.

Accrued Interest on Monthly Loan Repayment: You also need to refund the accrued interest you owe to CPF for using these funds. Approximately, this will amount to $8,000.

CPF Housing Grant: When you sell your HDB flat, you will also have to refund any housing grants you received at the point of buying your HDB flat. This is the $40,000 in the example.

Accrued Interest on CPF Housing Grant: Again, you also need to pay accrued interest on your housing grants. This works out to $5,500.

After deducting these sums from your remaining proceeds of $230,000, you will actually be left with $21,700 even after selling your property for $100,000 more after 5 years.

Read Also: Here’s How CPF Accrued Interest On Your Home Affects Your Retirement Planning

#3 Agent Commission

Selling your flat via an agent may mean paying between 1% and 2% of the sales price in commission. At a sale price of $500,000, you may be paying between $5,000 to $10,000 in commission to your agent. This may leave you with $11,700.

Buying Your Next Home

Once you have sold your home, you will need to buy another home for your family to live in. If you choose to buy another subsidised flat from the government, you will have to pay a resale levy for your second flat. In our scenario, this will amount to $40,000, ultimately leaving you with a negative cash balance after selling your HDB flat.

Read Also: HDB Resale Levy: What Second-Time Flat Buyers Need To Understand Before Buying Another Flat

As you can see, this final sum you will have in cash can be much lower than the $100,000 “profit” you thought you had earned from selling your HDB flat at a higher price.

If you choose to go private or opt to buy another resale flat, you will not have to pay any resale levy. Do note that you will have to pay a minimum of 5% in cash downpayment on your private property. This would not only easily wipe out the cash in hand you have after selling your HDB flat, but also require you to put more cash down.

Of course, whether you choose to buy an HDB flat or a private property next, you can use your CPF balances, along with nearly all your CPF refunds and accrued interest paid back, to fund the purchase of your next property. So, it may not really matter how much you had to pay back in accrued interest to CPF since you can still use it to fund your next purchase.

Read Also: Why You Should Not Overspend On Your First HDB Flat

What If You Are Above Age 55 When You Sell Your Property

At age 55, your Retirement Account (RA) is created. Your combined balances from your Ordinary Account and Special Account are used to set aside the Full Retirement Sum (FRS) of $205,800 (as of 2024). If you do not have the FRS set aside, any refunds paid to your CPF Ordinary Account from the sale of your property will first go into your Retirement Account.

It is important to note that you can only use funds above the Full Retirement Sum of $205,800 to purchase your next property if you want to buy another flat after 55. Alternatively, you can also opt to set aside $102,900 (as of 2024) for the Basic Retirement Sum (BRS), which would also require you to pledge your property.

This may drastically affect the amount of CPF balances you have to pay for your next home purchase after 55.

Read Also: Accrued Interest VS Property Charge VS Property Pledge: What Are The Differences?

By now, you will realise that you need to do your sums before selling your home. Know all the costs involved and where your sales proceeds will be going, as well as how you can utilise them going forward. These are basic yet vitally important considerations to make before deciding on any decisions.

Here’s a handy infographic illustrating where your money go when you sell your flat:

This post was first published on 11 April 2017 and has been updated to include the latest information.

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