4 Things That Small Business Owners In Singapore Should Know Before Paying Salaries

Doing payroll is necessary, but a time-consuming task. Multiply that across the number of employees you have in your company, each with differing requirements, and you can see why many business owners regard payroll as a tedious chore.

Whether it is your first time handling this, or the nth time you are paying your employees, it is worth taking note of these following four tips.

#1 You Must Issue An Itemised Payslip

Apart from crediting the salary to your employee in a timely manner, you are legally required under the Employment Act to give an itemised payslip. A breach in this rule can cause a fine of $100 to $200 per occurrence.

Ideally, the payslip (which can be either soft or hard copy) should be issued at least once a month and given along with the salary, though employers have up to 3 working days from the salary payment to provide employees with their payslip. 

Aside from being legally required, providing an itemised payslip is a good employment practice for documentation purposes and avoiding any future salary dispute. Having payslips also helps your employee understand their salary components.

You can refer to guidelines by the Ministry of Manpower for the full list of details to include in the itemised payslip and see a sample payslip for reference.

Payslips for the entire company must be kept for 2 years, while for ex-employees, payslips must be kept for 1 year after the employee leaves.

#2 Types Of Salary Deductions Allowed

Salaries can only be deducted for valid reasons allowed under the Employment Act, or under court orders. The following is a non-exhaustive list of authorised deductions.

Absence From Work

An employee’s salary could be deducted for absences, which usually refers to an incomplete month of work. This could be when an employee joins or leaves the team midway through the month, when no-pay leave is taken or when the employee is on reservist training.

To calculate salary deductions, the basic rate of pay and the gross rate of pay is used. Basic rate of payrefers to wage adjustments and increments that your employee is entitled to as per the contract terms. Gross rate of pay is the basic rate of pay plus allowances that your employee is entitled to according to the contract terms.

Absence from work it is calculated as follows:

For Damages Or Loss Of Money On Goods

You can deduct your employee’s salary if goods such as work gear, tools, equipment and vehicles are damaged and you held an inquiry to establish that it is the direct  fault of your employee. This deduction cannot be more than 25% of your employee’s monthly salary and must be deducted as a lump sum.

Recovering Advances, Loans, Overpaid Salary Unearned Employment Benefits

Advances and loans can be deducted from your employee’s salary in instalments, not exceeding more than 25% of their salary. For advances, the instalments must not spread over 12 months.

For overpaid salary and unearned employment benefits, the full sum can be recovered.

Other Common Reasons For Salary Deductions Include:

  • For supplying accommodation, amenities and services accepted by your employee
  • For CPF contributions
  • For payments to any registered co-operative society with your employee’s consent

Whatever the reason(s) for salary deduction, note that the total amount must not be more than half of the total salary payable, except when made for absence from work, recovery of advances, loans, overpaid salary or unearned employment benefits, and payments to registered co-ops. Also, when you are terminating an employee, deductions may exceed 50 per cent of the final salary.

#3 You Should Know About Variable Payments

Variable payments are a type of incentive payment to boost productivity or as a form of reward to employees. Examples include the Annual Wage Supplement (AWS), annual bonus and other performance-based variable payments.

Variable wages are not required by law, and depends on the terms in the employment contract. Whether the probation period is included in your employee’s AWS eligibility or what the bonus amount is depends on what was stated in the contract.

Read Also: Here’s Why Small Businesses In Singapore Need To Care About Employee Retention

#4 You Must Make CPF contributions, Even On Bonuses

You must make CPF contributions accurately for your employees who are Singapore Citizens and Permanent Residents.

Employers can use CPF e-Submission, which is a free tool for employees to input employee’s details and pay online. Each transaction is limited to up to ten employees.

If you submit CPF contributions using a hardcopy Payment Advice, there is a Processing Fee of $7 per employee per month for companies with 11 or more employees. The processing fee will soon be extended to employers with four to ten employees, so companies really should be using the CPF e-Submission to save time and money.

You have up to 14 days to before the CPF contributions are due. Otherwise, a late payment interest of 1.5% per month will be charged. Rates for employees in the private sector are as follows.

Employee’s AgeContribution Rates
(For monthly wages ≥ $750)
By Employer
(% of wage)
By Employee
(% of wage)
(% of wage)
55 and below17 2037
Above 55 to 60131326
Above 60 to 65 97.516.5
Above 657.5 512.5

Source: CPF Website

CPF contributions are payable on bonuses, including Retention Bonus, AWS, sign-on bonus and discretionary bonus, but the amount depends on the Additional Wages Ceiling.

Ordinary Wages (OW)

Ordinary Wages refer to the salary granted to the employee for the month, which is primarily the employee’s monthly salary. The OW Ceiling is $6,000 per month, which means that is the maximum amount of salary that requires CPF contributions. Even if your employee draws a monthly salary of $7,500, you only have to make CPF contributions on the first $6,000.

Additional Wages (AW)

Additional wages are not granted every month. Such wages include bonuses, cash incentives, transport and meal allowances and commissions. CPF contributions payable on AW are capped at the AW Ceiling, which can be calculated as follows:

AW Ceiling for the year = $102,000 – Total Ordinary Wages (OW) subject to CPF for the year

For a comprehensive list of payments that require CPF contributions, you can refer to this document from the CPF Board.

Read Also: 4 Financial Ratios That Startup Owners In Singapore Need To Know

Paying Your People On Time And Accurately

While unglamorous, payroll is an important function that conveys your appreciation to your employees. Doing payroll well and in a timely manner projects professionalism and trust in your company and you as a boss, so don’t take it lightly!

Need Financing Support During This Period?

From now till 31 March 2021, SMEs can enjoy extra financing support of up to $5 million through the Temporary Bridging Loan Programme.

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