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Just Graduated? Here’s How To Start Your Financial Planning Journey

There is more to financial planning than just buying insurance.


This article was written by Winifred Tan and first appeared on fundMyLife, the platform that connects financial planning questions to the right advisers.

Whether you are reading this from the confines of your office or the comfort of your home, one thing is clear: you have cleared the dreaded years of ‘coffee mugging’ during your JC, Polytechnic or University days, and are finally earning your own keep. For that, you deserve a pat on your back! Some graduates call this ‘financial freedom’. But truth to be told (being a graduate myself as well) – financial freedom is certainly NOT about liberating oneself from parental allowances! Read on to find out more about what does it really mean to be financially free.

For the ladies, the paycheck is a conduit to derive an artificial high from shopping for more clothes, new (branded) bags and accessories. For the men, saving for big‐ticket items like a car or a branded watch may be in the books. Whatever the case may be, there is no crime in pampering yourself with that extra Chanel Timeless Classic or going for a good holiday in Europe.

However, money is multi‐functional, and the real timeless classic “saving for a rainy days” still rings true.


Do take time to ponder over this quote and how it can apply to your life.

Baby Steps to Wealth Accumulation

There are a myriad ways to kick‐start a good financial planning strategy for yourself, and your loved ones. No right or wrong way per se, because at the end of the day, it boils down to what you want to achieve.

#1 The first thing you should do is put aside three to six months’ of your pay as emergency fund. This is to ensure that in the event of some family emergency, you can take a hiatus from work without having to worry about the basic necessities for the next couple of months.

#2 Accompanying this, you should also look into pledging part of your paycheck into contingency assets like insurance. Insurance is a simple financial instrument which guarantees lump sum and/or income replacement, should you meet with some unfortunate incident like death/accident/critical illness. People who take up such plans do so because they care about their families and loved ones enough to ensure that this risk of kicking the premature bucket is well‐hedged against, and to ensure they take responsibility of these risks are borne by themselves so as not to burden their loved ones.

More importantly, you may be making regular savings of up to $1,000 per month (or more). That translates to $12,000 per year, and eventually more than $120,000 after 10 years after taking into account accumulated interest/bonuses declared year-on-year. You would not want any part of this $120,000 to go into paying for hospital or other unforeseen bills. Many graduates do not recognise that they are taking over the mantle of being a breadwinner from their parents. They are, and will continue to be, the economic life‐force of their families in years to come. Hedging risks then, becomes more than necessary.

#3 The next step is saving and investing for your future. With the power of compounded interest over time, those who start young (i.e. graduates in their 20s) are prime candidates to grow and accumulate massive wealth by the time they retire. Unfortunately, most of them just don’t do it early enough.

Employing the services of reliable financial professionals is valuable. Consulting your advisor/planner frees up your precious time to do other things and develop your skills in your speciality, instead of spending hours everyday pouring over financial news and worrying over the stock market. It is for a similar reason why people hire lawyers for their professional services as well, rather than trying to do-it-themselves.

If You’re Thinking: “It’s time for me to start something. Tell me how!”

Financial planning should be specific to the needs and wants of every individual. But as a general guide, you should be spending a maximum of 40% to 50% of your monthly paycheck on fixed and variable spending (food, transport, bills, entertainment, shopping, etc.).

The remaining amount (50‐60%) can be split into short-term and long‐term savings and investments. Short‐term goals would include debt‐consolidation (credit‐card payments, loans) and insurance. Medium‐term goals would be mortgage loans, and savings (general/specific). Long‐term goals would be investments (general/specific), retirement planning, and long‐term care.

This would be how I actually plan for my clients, especially fresh graduates.

Everyone’s road‐map is unique. It is akin to a Personal Trainer’s (PT) strategy to help their trainee lose weight. They would have planned out an exercise regime based on the needs and physical abilities of the trainee. But, along the way, there might be situations that would call for a slight change in strategy, such as the trainee sustaining injuries or becoming ill along the way, in which the PT would have to modify the workouts a little.

Your life stages and situations may change along the way, e.g., buying a house, getting married, and only your trusted financial planner would be able to help guide you by your side, tweaking your strategy a little but still ensure your resulting goal is still achieved in the end. That is assuming your goals are still the same.

Yearly review of goals with your planner is therefore essential as it gives him/her an idea whether your road-map needs major or minor revamps. It is always important to keep your relationships close with your planner as he/she will be there for you to guide you through your life stages, and be there when claims arise.

Last Words of Advice

Financial pitfalls can be avoided with the “Pay‐Yourself‐First” method. It basically means getting your paycheck, and immediately channelling the funds to another account to save and invest, instead of saving at the end of the month with what’s left behind. Usually, your bank account would be emptied, the victim and aggressor both being yourself.

Most of the time, I would advise my clients and prospects to have at least 2 bank accounts, one for spending and the other is where they should channel their salary in a save up. Transfer only a fixed amount of funds to your spending account every month. An alternative method would be to transfer funds from the “savings/salary” account to your spending account when the spending account runs low.

So, play hard with your money, but make your money work harder. You’ll live to enjoy it more.

If you have any questions to ask me, I’m happy to answer them over at fundMyLife!

 

fundMyLife is a platform that aims to empower Singaporeans to make financial decisions confidently. We also connect you to the right financial planners in a private and anonymous manner, based on your financial planning questions. 

Follow us on our fundMyLife Facebook page to get exciting updates and your dose of finance knowledge! Alternatively, the Insurance Discussion SG Facebook group is a good place to discuss insurance-related topics with fellow Singaporeans.


 
 

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